Quite vs. Rather

Quite =довольно (often with positive ideas)

Ex.   I’m surprised you haven’t heard of her. She is quite famous.  
        It’s quite cold. You had better wear your coat .

        Lucy lives quite near me, so we see each other quite often.

Quite goes before a/an:
Ex. quite a nice day; quite an old house .

Sometimes we use quite + noun(without adjective)

I didn’t expect to see them. It was quite a surprise .

We also use quite with some verbs, especially like and enjoy;
Ex. I quite like tennis but it's not my favorite sport.

Quite sometimes means completely = I quite agree with ya. I'm quite sure.
Not quite =not completely

Rather = довольно таки (with neagative words and ideas)
EX.  It's rather cold, you had better wear your coat.
       Let’s get a taxi. It's rather a long way to walk.

She quite intelligent but rather lazy.

When we use rather with positive words(nice/interesting etc.) it means unusually or surprisingly for ex. rather nice =unusually nice/surprisingly nice/nicer than expected;

EX. These oranges are rather nice. Where did you get them?

Rather can go before or after a/an so you can say;
EX. a rather interesting book or rather an interesting book.

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